Republicans in the House of Representatives have such low approval ratings, according to recent polls, that a Democratic takeover looks possible. But before Republicans can defend their majority, they first must stave off a slew of primary challengers who are targeting incumbent members of Congress.

The new spate of primaries mostly target those Republicans who failed to toe the Tea Party line during the recent budget standoff, voting to open up the government and raise the debt ceiling. But the challenges are by no means limited to the crew of moderates. Even House Speaker John Boehner is not immune.

On the day the government shutdown began, J.D. Winteregg, a high school French teacher and founder of a group called The Ohio Accountability Project, announced a primary run against Boehner. The campaign will, at the very least, give a place for grassroots Republicans to vent their outrage against the GOP leadership while waiting for polls to open.

In an interview, Winteregg said his campaign sends a message “that no one is safe.”

And momentum for his run, he said, has been growing in the wake of Boehner’s budget capitulation in Washington.

“It was an incremental retreat with nothing to show for it. It was clear that he didn’t have an intention to stand firm,” Winteregg said. “I work with high school kids. If you draw a line, you have to stick to it. Otherwise the kids will walk all over you.”

In North Carolina, Taylor Griffin, a former aide to President George W. Bush, also announced his bid for Congress just as the government shut down. Griffin is running against Rep. Walter Jones, an antiwar former Democrat who was ranked by National Journal as the House’s most liberal Republican in 2011. Jones, Griffin conceded, has been pretty good on fiscal issues, but the challenger said the fiscal skirmishes left him “frustrated with how broken things had become, and I thought my congressman was part of the problem.”

“I think people are angry,” Griffin continued, “and I think that anger is being channeled by Obamacare, which is by all accounts a disaster. It’s being channeled with the frustration of Washington to actually accomplish the things people in this district think should be accomplished.”

Jones has represented North Carolina’s 3rd District, which covers much of the eastern part of the state, since 1995, and has faced primary challenges often. Because of the Republican tilt of the district, challengers do not have to worry much about a bloody primary weakening the winner for the general election.

“Incumbents are supposed to face difficult election challenges every two years,” Griffin said. “We need to have a discussion about Congressman Jones’s record, and people need to know that record and have an alternative if they don’t agree with that record.”

It remains to be seen whether these races will bring out the full firepower of the conservative financial and grassroots army. Often outsiders have bested incumbent and establishment picks only after groups such as FreedomWorks, Heritage Action, Club for Growth, and the Tea Party Express have gotten involved in a big way. Two top Tea Party leaders told The Daily Beast that they were mostly staying out of congressional intra-party squabbles, focusing their efforts instead onsenators such as Lindsey Graham and trying to pick up Democratic seats elsewhere.

One Republican who has however gathered outside support is Bryan Smith, an Idaho lawyer who is challenging eight-term Rep. Mike Simpson. Smith is the beneficiary of an online poll the Club for Growth launched at the website Simpson was the winner—or loser, as it were—and Smith now has not just the Club but also FreedomWorks and the Madison Project backing him.

Smith hammered Simpson for weeks leading up to the budget standoff, and after the congressman eventually voted with the Democrats, said in a statement: “Last night, Congressman Simpson voted to kick the can down the road instead of fighting for cuts in spending and making any major changes to Obamacare. Idaho needs a congressman that will stand up and be courageous for them in Washington.”

Read The Full Article On The Daily Beast

More articles from The Daily Beast:

© 2013 Newsweek/Daily Beast Company LLC